Recent news about Aleppo tells of the Syrian troops’ final destruction of the eastern part of the city. Among other things, the UN has confirmed information on spontaneous executions of children and women in the war-torn city. Hospitals are bombarded, and all infrastructure is more or less wiped out. And while the world does so much to shout the international community about the killing, nothing happens. Ie The last indications are that the Red Cross can enter the eastern part of the city. But the damage has happened. Yasmin This analysis explains how it is so far and asks why the international institutions repeatedly fail.
If one had thought that a war of such unimaginable dimensions like this would be able to gather the other countries of the region in a desire for lasting peace, it certainly was not this war.
Although many of the surrounding nations, such as Egypt, Jordan, and especially Lebanon together have received millions of Syrian refugees, one has not managed to find a peace solution; most often because too many countries have their own agendas.
The example Syria speaks its own language. What started in 2011 as a civil rebel against intelligence and a desire for democracy, evolved with money and weapons from Saudi Arabia into a decisive sectarian civil war, where various rebel groups were fighting against each other </ em> in instead of al-Assad.
There are many factors contributing to this humanitarian tragedy, but four in particular: a Saudi Arabian state with a clear agenda and a heavy wallet, a hesitant US President Barack Obama, a risky Russian President Vladimir Putin – and an action lamb UN Security Council.
A Saudi Arabian elephant in the living room
Too many of the Middle East problems are rooted in Saudi Arabia. The state, like the rich big brother in the region, has the habit of advancing and airing the big wallet at any given occasion. It is the only country in the Middle East with pockets as heavy as your oil sources are deep; Other oily states such as Libya, Qatar and Kuwait are considerably smaller and less wealthy.
The problem with the generous Saudi Arabian cash flow is that rarely – as in any case – the money presents rarely and freely, but most often accompanied by demands in relation to Saudi Arabia’s particularly strict religious code, Salafism.
The example Syria speaks its clear language. What started in 2011 as a civil rebel against intelligence and a desire for democracy, evolved with money and weapons from Saudi Arabia into a decisive sectarian civil war, where various rebel groups were fighting against each other in instead of against al-Assad.
The paradox is that no matter how hated American interference in the Middle East, Obama’s attempt to avoid American interference now with middle eastern eyes is considered to be the very cause of this almost total collapse in the region.
This did not happen as an unintended consequence. Do not miss it. On the contrary, it was a very deliberate act on the part of Saudi Arabia. A sectarian civil war is highly preferable to democratic states in Syria with Saudi Arabian optics.
A hesitant Obama
The United States has played a strange passive role in the Syrian Civil War. One can not immediately think President Barack Obama has hesitated to play a more proactive role in Syria’s conflict. American presence in the Middle East is not just covered with success experiences: the Gulf War, the war in Iraq, the notorious assaults committed by US troops against Iraqi prisoners in Abu Ghraib prison, and the intervention in Libya to name just a few examples that scare.
The paradox is that no matter how hated American interference in the Middle East, Obama’s attempt to avoid American interference now with middle eastern eyes is considered to be the very cause of this almost total breakdown in the region. That is, in other words, a challenge, Obama, from the deed damned if you do, damned if you do not have not been able to win.
However, the fact is that American passivity made room for Russia’s entry into the war scene: and it was Russian warfare that set the agenda that resulted in the massacre of the Syrian civilian population
The American hesitation and the insistence that the region itself should solve the task nevertheless contributed further to Syria’s collapse. The first time the United States refused to introduce a flight ban on Syria, referring to the approval of such a UN Security Council – knowing that Russia would veto. However, in international law international law is allowed to allow a ban on the introduction of a regime when a regime bombs its own people. Such prohibition was introduced in, among other things, Iraq in 1991, in Kosovo in 1998 and in Libya in 2011.
In 2013, the CIA launched a series of undercover operations in Syria and began to deliver anti-gun weapons to the rebel forces at the same time. But on the basis of a precautionary principle and for fear that the weapons should end up in the wrong hands, deliveries were so limited that they really had no value and did not strengthen the rebel’s position.
As mentioned, one can not imagine Obama in a certain footstep with further military action in Syria. He probably did not want support in the United States. However, the fact is that American passivity made room for Russia’s entry into the war scene. And it was Russian warfare that set the agenda that resulted in the massacre of the Syrian civilian population.
From Russia With Love – and Iran
When Russia in September 2015 entered the war on the side of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, it included an argument to fight the Islamic state. The argument was thus apparently expanded to include a bombing of Syria’s civilian population including hospitals and schools in Aleppo. The use of barrels and the like is apparently apparent from the proof that if it is to be done, it must be done well and thoroughly in Russian manner. And with Russia’s entry into the war scene, Iran also followed. And especially Iran has an interest in this particular war because every given opportunity to fight Saudi Arabian interests is received with kisses.
What began as a sincere desire for democracy in Syria became Saudi Arabian interference with a sectarian civil war. With Russian military and Iranian assistance, the conflict into a deputy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran with parallel games for a Russia facing the hesitant United States saw the chance to position itself significantly in the region. Thus, the UN became also paralyzed and unable to do anything to save the civilian population taken hostage in this war.
UN and a failed declaration
In the past week, the UN Security Council once again tried to adopt a ceasefire for Aleppo, but both Russia and China opposed the proposal. The bombing against the civilian population could therefore continue undesirably.
Can the UN Security Council design be used at all in a situation such as the Syrian Civil War, where other major political readings among other Russian interests are at stake and apparently have higher priority than humanitarian considerations?
As the rebels apparently surrendered Tuesday this week, the bombings allegedly had to be stopped – just to resume the following day. In other words, the rebels in Aleppo’s total surrender are not enough for Al-Assad and his Russian helpers. You are tempted to believe that a total smoothing of the city is the real goal.
New times and new instruments
Silent and passive we are with the massacres against the civilian population in Syria once again became witnesses to genocide. In recent times, after World War II, it is a horror scenario we have seen several times: Bosnia-Herzegovina, including Srebrenica, Rwanda and Darfur, to name a few. Why do the institutions we expect to step in and prevent these unhappiness fail time after time? The answer must be that the available tools, be it international conventions and UN agencies, are no longer current.
During these eruptions, where people question existing institutions and their eligibility, one could appropriately ask the same question about the UN. An organization that has largely been the action slurry. An organization that has not been able to protect a civilian population from a genocide.
Perhaps it is time to realize that as long as the West insists on cooperation with Saudi Arabia, knowing that the country plays a particularly proactive role in the sectarian unrest in the Middle East, as long as we are co-responsible for the tragedy of Aleppos civilian population is exposed to.
Can the UN Security Council design be used at all in a situation such as the Syrian civil war, where other major political readings, such as Russian interests, are at stake and apparently have higher priority than humanitarian considerations?
Is it not an illusion with the United Nations so-called help when no help comes?
The art of selling weapons
And now that we are at the break of time, we might also have to relate to the fact that one of the West’s closest allies in the Middle East, again Saudi Arabia, carries a very large part of the responsibility for the development that the Syrian civil war has undergone.
When the British Foreign Minister, Boris Johnson, recently stated that Saudi Arabia fought deputy wars in the region and abused Islam as a religion , he was immediately reproached for that somewhat fresh statement.
Prime Minister Theresa May issued the announcement that Johnson’s statements did not represent the British Government’s position. In view of the fact that Saudi Arabia is a very well-liked customer of British weapons, it would also be very bad to hit the desert war on the buttons. No need for it. The British defense minister, Michael Fallon, was also similarly quick and found that Britain continues to support Saudi Arabia’s right to defend itself. And thus the next arms purchase would probably be secured.
But maybe it is time to realize that as long as the West insists on cooperation with Saudi Arabia, knowing that the country plays a particularly proactive role in the sectarian unrest in the Middle East, as long as we are co-responsible for the tragedy of Aleppo’s civilian population exposed for.
Until one relies on the truth, we can just wait for Aleppo to die.
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons: Voice of America News: Scott Bobb reports from Aleppo, Syria – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gugN3SNBQJQ&feature=plcp. Title: Wounded civilians arrive at a hospital in Aleppo during the Syrian civil war.